Radionuclide transfer and radiosensitivity in amphibians and reptiles by L. L. Ewing

Cover of: Radionuclide transfer and radiosensitivity in amphibians and reptiles | L. L. Ewing

Published by Environmental Science Branch, Whiteshell Laboratories in Pinawa, Man .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Radioactive waste disposal in the ground -- Environmental aspects -- Canada.,
  • Amphibians -- Effect of radioactive pollution on.,
  • Reptiles -- Effect of radioactive pollution on.

Edition Notes

Book details

Statementby L.L. Ewing, C.R. Macdonald and B.D. Amiro.
SeriesTechnical record (AECL Research) -- TR-731
ContributionsMacdonald, Colin Ross, 1953-, Amiro, Brian D., 1955-, Atomic Energy of Canada Limited., Whiteshell Laboratories. Environmental Science Branch., Canadian Nuclear Fuel Waste Management Program.
The Physical Object
Pagination34 p.
Number of Pages34
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL22237162M

Download Radionuclide transfer and radiosensitivity in amphibians and reptiles

A number of the papers in the current issue of Radiation and Environmental Biophysics present data for poorly studied organism types: reptiles (Wood et al. ), bats (Gashchak et al. ), marsupials (Johansen and Twining ) and invertebrates (Dragović and Mandić ; Johansen and Twining ).In some regulatory assessments, such organisms are often the object of protection (e.g Cited by: The radionuclide transfer factors for the plant, meat, milk, and aquatic food pathways used in the current version of the RESRAD computer code (Gilbert et al.

) are derived primarily from a handbook compiled by Ng et al. Through consideration of the broad range of organism geometries, radiosensitivities, habitat-use and radionuclide exposure pathways, these methodologies estimate the transfer of radionuclides in the environment, the resultant absorbed dose rates to non-human biota and the potential effects in various receptor species across a range of habitats Cited by: Basic information necessary for evaluating dose effects-such as radionuclide activity concentrations, radionuclide transfer, and dose estimates-remain scarce or missing for reptiles (Hinton and.

radionuclides in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. The study focused on Cs of Chernobyl orgin, although the behaviour of other anthropogenic radionuclides (Cs, Pu, ,Pu, and 90Sr) and several naturally occurring radionuclides (Bi, Ac, Bi.

In recent years it has become evident that the study of radiosensitivity may be carried very much farther than at first seemed possible; that there are important variations in this property in the subgroups of the major forms of cancer; that the factors entering into radiosensitivity are very numerous and sometimes rather obscure; that the.

Eric J. Hall, James D. Cox, in Radiation Oncology (Ninth Edition), Intrinsic Radiosensitivity. The radiosensitivity of normal tissues and tumors varies considerably among individuals; for any group of patients given the same treatment, some will experience more severe reactions than others, and a small proportion will experience unacceptable late sequelae.

• Cell and tissue radiosensitivity Radiation biology • Radiation biology is the study of the action of ionizing radiation on living organisms • The action is very complex, involving physics, chemistry, and biology – Different types of ionizing radiation – Energy absorption at the atomic and molecular level leads to biological damage.

What does Radiosensitivity of Cells, Organs and Structures of Human body mean. Radiosensitivity is the relative susceptibility of cells, tissues, organs to the harmful action of radiation.

It denotes the level of harm which radiation can cause to certain types of cells in the body. Something with reported numbers on species of Mammal, fish, reptiles, amphibians, and birds.

Thanks. Relevant answer. David Heaver. books or. Human Radiosensitivity and Prospects for Prediction Andrzej Wojcik Centre for Radiation Protection Research Stockholm University Members of the C1 WG on individual radiosensitivity: Preetha Rajaraman Michael Hauptman Simon Bouffler (MC) Major reports on human radiosensitivity and cancer susceptibility.

Ewing LL, Macdonald CR, Amiro BD () Radionuclide transfer and radiosensitivity in amphibians and reptiles. Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Pinawa, Manitoba, p (AECL Technical Report TR, COG) Google Scholar.

Radiosensitivity is the relative susceptibility of cells, tissues, organs or organisms to the harmful effect of ionizing radiation Cells types affected. Cells are least sensitive when in the It develops because radiation causes DNA mutations directly and indirectly.

Start studying Bio Physical Factors Affecting Radiosensitivity. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.

Start a free trial of Quizlet Plus by Thanksgiving | Lock in 50% off all year Try it free. Reptiles Amphibians] Fish Higher Plants Mammals 10° I I I Acute lethal dose (Gy) I The graphs show the approximate lethal dose ranges for various taxonomic groups, an indication of the comparative radiosensitivity.

up to a few microgray per hour, but in excep-tional cases (e.g. the hepatopancreas of a small. Adaptations of Desert Amphibians & Reptiles Thomas R. Van Devender.

Amphibians and reptiles have many different adaptations that allow them to live in deserts, avoiding extremes in aridity, heat, or cold. The animals may be active only in certain seasons and at favorable times of the day.

Other articles where Radiosensitivity is discussed: radiation: Effects on the cell: as cancer cells) are more radiosensitive than nondividing cells.

As noted above, a dose of 1–2 Sv is sufficient to kill the average dividing cell, whereas nondividing cells can usually withstand many times as much radiation without overt signs of injury. It is when cells attempt to divide for the. We were particularly interested in assessing amphibian radiosensitivity during embryo, larval, and metamorphic periods when rapid cell division occurs.

Dividing cells are more sensitive to ionizing radiation than non-dividing cells, and exposure to ionizing radiation during cell division can lead to abnormal mitosis, growth, or metabolism [ 22 ].

The radiation dose rate of recent in vivo μCT studies ranges from 001 to 053 Gy min −1 (Table 3), while those used in studies assessing radiosensitivity in reptiles and amphibians (Table 2) are tenfold higher than the average μCT radiation dose rate.

Effects of Scanning Parameters on Radiation Dose and Image Quality. Radiosensitivity and cell age in the mitotic cycle 1. Sneha Susanna George 2. THE CELL CYCLE Ordered process by which a cell grows and divides into 2 progeny daughter cells High LET radiation decreases the variation of radiosensitivity through the cell cycle At LET – Age response function almost straight line   Radiotherapists are highly interested in optimizing doses especially for patients who tend to suffer from side effects of radiotherapy (RT).

It seems to be helpful to identify radiosensitive individuals before RT. Thus we examined aberrations in FISH painted chromosomes in in vitro irradiated blood samples of a group of patients suffering from breast cancer. In parallel, a follow-up of side.

TABLE OF RADIONUCLIDES – COMMENTS ON EVALUATIONS Basic properties of radionuclides, such as half-life, decay mode and branchings,radiation energies and emission probabilities are commonly used in various research fields. To meet the demand for these data the LNHB produced a table that was published in four volumes [87Ta, 99Be] from to   Means of Heat Transfer.

Heat can be exchanged between an animal and its environment through four mechanisms: radiation, evaporation, convection, and conduction.

Radiation is the emission of electromagnetic “heat” waves. Heat radiates from the sun and from dry skin the same manner.

'This book discusses the significant advances in the field of atmospheric radiation and remot sensing in the past 20 years.' Bulletin of the AMS 'The material is topical but, despite its importance, few books cover the same area The author is an expert in the field fo cloud-radiation.

Reptile skin is made of scales created by a waterproof substance called keratin. The outer layers of this skin are regularly shed by most reptiles as they grow in size. Reptiles can vary from the slow-moving turtle whose body is encased in a shell and has a jaw like.

Undifferentiated cells that are killed by radiation may be replaced by new cells, but those that survive with defective DNAs can induce late effects, such as cancer (see later). In contrast, the S phase of DNA synthesis in the cell cycle is least radiosensitive.

Radiosensitivity is best assessed by cell death. Strahlenther Onkol. May;(5) Chromosomal radiosensitivity, cancer predisposition and response to radiotherapy. Scott D(1). Author information: (1)Department of Cancer Genetics, Paterson Institute for Cancer Research, Christie Hospital NHS Trust, Withington, Manchester, UK.

[email protected] AIM: This paper briefly summarizes the research on this topic, undertaken in. Primitive reptiles were able to radiate into drier habitats than amphibians because of the amniote egg with a leathery or hard shell, and because of their relatively impermeable skin with scales.

Populations no longer were concentrated near water sources, and embryos developed directly into small adults at.

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models for calculating the transfer of radionuclides in food chains to humans and contributing to ingestion dose were those given in Technical Reports Series No.

In the new Safety. Each pupil's book contain review exercises which can be used to evaluate pupils' progress. amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals.

Radiation Matter is required to transfer heat in. Please note: this phenomenon is valid only for low LET radiation (i.e. cannot be demonstrated for particles with LET > KeV per micron). The OER for most mammalian cells is Thus, in the absence of molecular oxygen, the dose of X-rays to produce the same degree of cell-killing as under well-oxygenated conditions would need to be.

1 Fundamental Principles of Radiobiology In This Lecture • Radiosensitivity • Law of Bergonie & Tribondeau • Physical factors effecting radiation response • Biological factors effecting radiation response • Dose-response relationships Radiosensitivity • Some types of tissue respond more quickly to lower does of radiation than others • Dose response relationship.

In practice, this requires the ordered transfer of energy from some source via the object of interest to a detector system. This medical imaging modality is classified by the radionuclide gamma ray emission which provides the energy for the ordered transfer from the object to the image.

From the cell survival curve, various indices are calculated. D1 and D0 are two such entities. D1 is the initial slope of the survival curve D0 is the final slope of the curve - where the curve approximates a straight line.

D0 is also a means of representing the relative radiosensitivity of cell. Heat is a form of energy. Heat flows from hot objects to cool objects.

It flows from one object to another because of their difference in temperature. The cool object absorbs the energy and becomes warmer.

Learn radiosensitive with free interactive flashcards. Choose from 52 different sets of radiosensitive flashcards on Quizlet. In reptiles, the cerebrum (used for controlling behavior) is larger than amphibians.

Optic lobes are also large, due to the fact that many reptiles rely on sight for hunting. Some reptiles and amphibians have nictitating membrane which is a transparent,movable membrane that covers the eyes allowing them to see with their 'eyelids' closed.

In the clinic, a similar picture may be encountered. While the economic and practical constraints have caused clinicians, to prescribe “standard” radiation therapy treatments since the s, some severe and even fatal but rare complications have been described in normal tissues after radiation therapy until recently (21,23).Conversely, intermediate radiosensitivity reactions such as.

Herpetology is a branch of zoology and is concerned with the scientific study of reptiles and amphibians. This online course will help you develop your ability to understand the biological and ecological characteristics of reptiles and amphibians.

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Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read Comparative Anatomy And Development.Enough vitamin D3 is helpful for Reptiles require to form good and healthy bone tissue. ∆Honpal LED UVA+UVB Lamps output is similar to the Necessary Radiation of the Sun for Reptiles (visibile Light,UVA and UVB),keep your Favorite Reptile Species Basking in Healthy UVA and UVB Rays Specifications: Socket: E26 Voltage: AC V Watts: 5WReviews:   Keeping Frogs and Toads as Pets – Creating a Terrarium and Best Amphibian Care Products.

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